Category Archives: Birth

Birth Trauma

Whatever the method of delivery employed, many experts believe that the baby always experiences some degree of trauma. From the safety and carefully-controlled environment of the womb the baby is forced into the harsh realities of the outside world, and it is hardly surprising that shock might be a concomitant of the baby's new ...

Episiotomy

Episiotomy

One of the critical stages during labour is when the baby's head passes down the birth canal and into the outside world. The head is large and the tissues surrounding the outlets of the vagina and rectum, called the perineum, must stretch considerably to allow its passage. In most deliveries the perineal muscles and skin ...

Birth Problems

Birth Problems

Although possible complications may arise when a woman is giving birth, it can be stated immediately that, because of the excellence of modern obstetric medicine, giving birth nowadays is almost without risk – much more so than it was in years gone by. It is likely that many protracted labours and deaths in the past ...

How to Know You Are in Labour

How to Know You Are in Labour

Labour is an apt name for the usually hard and tiring process of giving birth. However, only the second stage involves active physical effort from the mother, and even this is not always necessary – some babies arrive without their mothers consciously pushing them out. The uterus, which is at that time the largest muscle ...